Climate Change and Agriculture

  • Climate change has become a topic of great debate and interest in the recent years. As scientific studies and data become more available, agricultural specialists have begun to observe the negative impacts caused by dramatic changes in climate that have directly impacted agricultural systems. Topics such as the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition, the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources have come to the forefront of discussion as developing countries begin to feel and experience the negative impacts of these significant changes. Given health and well-being are unalienable rights, climate change and its impacts on food security is an urgent and necessary issue to discuss on a human rights platform.
Related Groups NGOs working on the issue
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Sources to Consult

Ideas for helping out with the issue
  1. Think about making a donation to the NRDC (Natural Resource Defense Council) who help safeguard the earth and all forms of life on it.
  2. Consider investing in renewable energy, and encourage others to do so too.
  3. Urge politicians to take action against climate change
Works Cited 1. “About Us.” NRDC, 19 Apr. 2017, www.nrdc.org/about. 2. “As the Climate Changes, Kenyan Herders Find Centuries-Old Way of Life in Danger” NPR Podcast by Eyder Peralta. July 23, 2017 http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/07/23/538373985/as-the-climate-changes-kenyan-herders-find-centuries-old-way-of-life-in-danger This podcast discusses the current impacts herders in Kenya are experiencing as a direct cause of climate change. The story discusses the evolution from nomadic herders that thrived off of vast expanses of grass to a lifestyle where the land experiences yearly drought and cattle die of hunger due to overgrazing. Many natives have never experienced anything like this, and are now preparing to change their lifestyles in order to adapt to the harsh changes in environment. 3. Brendan Cox, Oxfam International, 2004. http://www.foodsystemprimer.org/food- production/food-and-climate-change/  As a result of climate change, many regions that already suffer from high rates of hunger and food insecurity are predicted to experience the greatest declines in food production. In drought stricken regions like Kenya (pictures), many cattle farmers have already lost their animals, their livelihoods, and their sources of food and income. Food prices in the area, meanwhile have skyrocketed. 4. “Climate Change impacts and adaptation: Story from my Nepalese Village” Madan Poudel. Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) June 9, 2014. https://ccafs.cgiar.org/fr/blog/climate-change-impacts-and-adaptation-story-my-nepalese-village#.WbZJRahSw2x “Madan Poudel, a youth agriculture activist and student form Nepal, is feeling the heat in his village. This is his personal story on how climate change is affecting his community, and how farmers are trying to adapt to an increasingly variable climate.” This story won the CCAFS open blog competition for the South Asian region. Poudel us making a difference to food and farming in his country by getting an education in agriculture to better support his community members to adapt to climate change and leading the agricultural youth in Nepa network, gathering youths to jointly develop agriculture in the country. 5. “Climate Change on Canvas” by Ashley Cecil. October 8, 2008. A 48” X 72” oil on canvas painting, this piece was commissioned by the Nonprofit Organization Oxfam America .Oxfam America is an international relief and development organization that creates lasting solution to poverty, hunger, and social injustice. The nonprofit organization commissioned Cecil to create an image that represents the connection between climate change and poverty.  Lacking sufficient resources, poor communities are least prepared to adapt to the most severe impacts of climate change, visual represented in the painting. 6. “Climate Is Changing. Food and Agriculture Must Too.” Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 18 May 2016, www.fao.org/zhc/detail-events/en/c/413181/. 7. “Dear Matafele Peinem”, Poem written by Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner for the UN Climate Summit in 2014. Sept. 23, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJuRjy9k7GA&t=0s From the Marshall Islands, Jetnil-Kijiner addressed the Opening Ceremony of the UN Secretary-General’s Climate SUmmit. Jetnil-Kijiner was selected among over 500 civil society candidates in an open, global nomination process conducted by the UN Non-Governmental Liaison Service. The poem was written to her daughter and received a standing ovation. Jetnil-Kijiner is a teacher, journalist, and founder of the environmental NGO, Jo-jikum. 8. Deressa, Temesgen Tadesse, Measuring the Economic Impact of Climate Change on Ethiopian Agriculture: Ricardian Approach (September 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4342. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1012474 This citation provides evidence of the impact of climate change on Ethiopia and it’s Agriculture. It looks at factors such as increasing temperature and decrease of precipitation. 9. “FAO.org.” Events | Climate Change | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, www.fao.org/climate-change/events/en/. 10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Specialized Agency for United Nations. “Climate is changing. Food and Agriculture must too.”  http://www.fao.org/zhc/detail-events/en/c/413181/ Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO’s efforts - to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. Their three main goals are: the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition; the elimination of poverty and driving forward of economic and social progress for all; and, the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate and genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations. This agency understand that as climate change evolves, agriculture will need to follow suit in order to maintain global food security. 11. George Gehrels (UA Faculty), Gould-Simpson Bldg. 529, Phone: 520-349-4702, Email: ggehrels@email.arizona.edu, http://www.geo.arizona.edu/Gehrels 12. “Global Climate Change.” NASA, NASA, 2 June 2014, climate.nasa.gov/. 13. “Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture in Developing Countries”, by Greentumble. Community platform for Environmental activists. http://greentumble.com/impacts-of-climate-change-on-agriculture-in-developing -countries/  This post discusses the impacts cliate change will have on global agriculture, discussing how specific geographic locations (Africa, Asia, Latin America, small islands, etc.) will be affected by this inevitable change. The post further discusses future action plans to address this serious concern. 14. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), (2006). “IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories", prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Eggleston H.S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T. and Tanabe K. (eds). (IGES: Japan, 2006), 16. http://climatepolicyinfohub.eu/sites/default/files/12700_figure_1.png 15. Jess Kapp (UA Faculty), Gould-Simpson Bldg. 324, Phone: 520-626-5701, Email: jkapp@email.arizona.edu, http://www.geo.arizona.edu/JKapp, http://jesskapp.com. Jess Kapp is the associate department head in the department of geosciences at the University of Arizona. She is a knowledgeable individual of the challenges and science behind climate change. She is an active supporter of it, throughout campus as well as the community. 16. Kaiser, Harry M. “Climate Change and Agriculture.” Oct. 1991, pp. 151–163., ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/29020/1/20020151.pdf. This citation talks about a study that was performed that provides evidence that climate change will decrease the overall production of crops in years to come. It also addresses the economic impact it could have on our economy. 17. “NPS Climate Change Response.” Facebook, National Park Service Climate Change Response Program, www.facebook.com/NPSClimateChange. 18. “Projected Changes in Agricultural Productivity 2080 Due to Climate Change.” Global Agriculture, www.globalagriculture.org/typo3temp/pics/03a36e60c6.jpg. 19. Shupe, Scott M. “High Resolution Stream Water Quality Assessment in the Vancouver, British Columbia Region: a Citizen Science Study.” Science of The Total Environment, vol. 603-604, 2017, pp. 745–759., doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.195.  This citation addresses a study that was done in Vancouver, British Columbia. It shows evidence that the water quantity and quality from natural sources is being affected due to the changing climate. 20. Torquebiau, E, David Manley, and Paul Cowan. Climate Change and Agriculture Worldwide. , 2016. Internet resource. This online e book talks about and addresses achieving food security while adapting and coping with climate change. It also talks about new solutions and research to better improve people’s water quantity and the waste that comes with agriculture. 21. Ramdane Benniou, Fayçal Bahlouli, Climate Change and Agriculture Conservation in Semi-Arid Environment, Energy Procedia, Volume 74, 2015, Pages 25-31, ISSN 1876-6102, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.516. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610215012849). This journal article discusses the effects of climate change on semi-arid environments and its effect on their agriculture. It shows evidence of the negative effects it has on the production of agriculture. 22. Understanding Climate Change Feedbacks. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press, 2003. Internet resource. 23. “Understanding Climate-Smart Agriculture.” YouTube, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 8 June 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=lUdNMsVDIZ0. This video posted on YouTube by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States describes climate-smart agriculture approach. It shows how farmers, fishers, and herders will be hit the hardest by climate change. 24. Walthall, C.L., J. Hat eld, P. Backlund, L. Lengnick, E. Marshall, M. Walsh, S. Adkins, M. Aillery, E.A. Ainsworth, C. Ammann, C.J. Anderson, I. Bartomeus, L.H. Baumgard, F. Booker, B. Bradley, D.M. Blumenthal, J. Bunce, K. Burkey, S.M. Dabney, J.A. Delgado, J. Dukes, A. Funk, K. Garrett, M. Glenn, D.A. Grantz, D. Goodrich, S. Hu, R.C. Izaurralde, R.A.C. Jones, S-H. Kim, A.D.B. Leaky, K. Lewers, T.L. Mader, A. McClung, J. Morgan, D.J. Muth, M. Nearing, D.M. Oosterhuis, D. Ort, C. Parmesan, W.T. Pettigrew, W. Polley, R. Rader, C. Rice, M. Rivington, E. Rosskopf, W.A. Salas, L.E. Sollenberger, R. Srygley, C. Stöckle, E.S. Takle, D. Timlin, J.W. White, R. Winfree, L. Wright-Morton, L.H. Ziska. 2012. Climate Change and Agriculture in the United States: Effects and Adaptation. USDA Technical Bulletin 1935. Washington, DC. 186 pages.

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